[3] John was the last Roman Emperor to both have an Empress consort and multiple consorts as the wives of his brother and only successor, Constantine XI Palaiologos, had died before he became emperor in 1449. Notes Family By his wife Irene Asanina, a daughter of Andronikos Asan (son of Emperor Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria by Eirene […] Married her first cousin Halil of Bithynia. By the time of the Fourth Crusade, the Kantakouzenoi were among the greatest landholders in the Empire. He was born in Aurantis, Arabia, in a city situated in modern-day Syria.He went on to become a major figure in the Roman Empire. The house of Kantakouzenos (pl. Then in 1351, he sent 12 ships to help Venice against Genoa, but the fleet was defeated. John VIII Palaiologos was famously depicted by several painters on the occasion of his visit to Italy. The Hesychast Council of Constantinople, 1351 CE. A bird that emits so much power, ruthlessness, authority and might was undoubtedly bound to become a most popular symbol among the empires of past and present. Emperor from 1347 1354 and historian. It is generally believed that John, about whom relatively few documents have survived, died childless, and that the numerous Kantakouzenoi of the following generation, as well as the historian Theodore Spandounes and the wife of genealogist Hugues Busac, trace their descent from Matthew through Demetrios. Genus. Nicol lists some connections the Kantakouzenos had with the locale in the 11th and 13th centuries. [2], The Kantakouzenoi first appear in the reign of Alexios I Komnenos, when a member of the family campaigned against the Cumans. His name is synonymous with two civil wars. An apologia for his own actions, it needs to be read with caution; fortunately it can be supplemented and corrected by the work of a contemporary, Nikephoros Gregoras. and put Andronikos III (q.v.) By the time of the Fourth Crusade, the Kantakouzenoi were among the greatest landholders in the Empire. John VI Kantakouzenos, Byzantine emperor (r. 1347-1354) A collection of art and military history, especially from Ancient Greece, Rome, and Byzantium. Kantakouzenoi; Greek: Καντακουζηνός, pl. During this period, the empire, already broken up and reduced to narrow limits, was assailed on every side. The Roman emperors, the Ptolemaic dynasty and the Ayyubid sultans… The origin of the family's surname, to follow Donald Nicol, "lies between romantic guesswork and philological conjecture. "[1] Prince Michael Cantacuzino, an 18th-century Romanian aristocrat of the Cantacuzino family who traced his ancestry to this Byzantine family, provides examples of the first kind, such as the family began with a certain "Lucie Cusin" who married one "Serafina Catina", and united their familial names into the compound one of "Ca(n)tacuzino". The agreement was sealed with the marriage of their daughter Helena Kantakouzene to John V. John VI entered Constantinople and took effective control of the city. Born in Constantinople, John Kantakouzenos was the son of Michael Kantakouzenos, governor of the Morea. John VI Kantakouzenos (by Cplakidas) - Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (r. 1347-1354 CE) presiding over a synod. He was also related to the imperial dynasty through his wife Eirene Asanina, a second cousin of Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos. The Kantakouzenos Despotate. When the civil war was concluded, John VI Kantakouzenos, in 1349 CE, appointed his … Michael Kantakouzenos was appointed governor of the Morea in 1308 and his son, John VI Kantakouzenos, rose to be megas domestikos, regent, and eventually emperor (1341–1354) before resigning and retiring to a monastery after a failed civil war. War also erupted against the Serbians, who were at that time establishing an extensive empire on the north-western frontiers; and there was a hazardous alliance with the Ottoman Turks, who made their first permanent settlement in Europe, at Gallipoli in Thrace, towards the end of his reign. Matthew Kantakouzenos, co-emperor 1353–1357, later, Maria Kantakouzene, who married Nikephoros II Orsini of Epirus. Early life and career. After the death of the emperor, John again refused to take the throne, and insisted […] In 1347, he entered Constantinople in triumph with an army of 1,000 men, and forced his opponents to an arrangement by which he became joint emperor with John V Palaiologos and sole administrator during the minority of his colleague. [3] In the Komnenian period, members of the family are attested as military officials: the sebastos John Kantakouzenos was killed in the Battle of Myriokephalon, while his probable grandson, the Caesar John Kantakouzenos, married Irene Angelina, the sister of Isaac II Angelos. In 1367 Joasaph was appointed the representative of the Eastern Orthodox Church to negotiate with Paul of Smyrna then the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople to attempt a reconciliation of the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. John VI Kantakouzenos responded by having Matthew crowned as co-emperor, but John V Palaiologos, enlisting Genoese support and relying on the declining popularity of Kantakouzenos, succeeded in entering the capital in November 1354. For other people with the same name, see John Kantakouzenos (disambiguation) John VI Kantakouzenos; Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans: John VI presiding over a synod. app. In 1347, he entered Constantinople in triumph with an army of 1,000 men, and forced his opponents to an arrangement by which he became joint emperor with John V Palaiologos and sole administrator during the minority of his colleague. Interesting stories about famous people, biographies, humorous stories, photos and videos. John's younger son Manuel Kantakouzenos remained despotes of the Morea from 1349 until 1380. He died in the Peloponnese and was buried by his sons at Mistra in Laconia. on the throne. Theodora Kantakouzene, who married Sultan Orhan of the Ottoman EmpirePeter F. Sugar, Helena Kantakouzene, who married Emperor John V Palaiologos. His triumph in the six-year civil war is the subject of the poem "John Kantakouzenos Triumphs" by the modern Greek poet Constantine Cavafy. His later involvement in the Venetian–Genoese War of 1350–1355 also brought no concrete results, and was terminated by a treaty with Genoa in May 1352. The Kantakouzenoi intermarried extensively with other Byzantine noble families such as the Palaiologoi, the Philanthropenoi, the Asen, and the Tarchaneiotes. His army ignored the new regents' orders and proclaimed Kantakouzenos emperor at Didymoteichon in Thrace as John VI. John_VI_Kantakouzenos December 31, 2020 × The Byzantine Journey (2019-2020)- My Personal Story with byzantium, year end post Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (r. 1347-1354) Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris. John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. In 1349, he sent a newly-built fleet of 9 fair-sized ships and about 100 smaller ones against the Genoese, but it was captured in its entirety. Through his mother Theodora Palaiologina Angelina, he was a descendant of the reigning house of Palaiologos. John VI Kantakouzenos or Cantacuzenus ({{el}}, Iōannēs VI Kantakouzēnos) (c. 1292 – 15 June 1383) was the Byzantine emperor from 1347 to 1354. We provide you with news from the entertainment industry. Constantinople, 1370-75 CE, paint on parchment, Greek Manuscript 1242, fol.5 v, 33,5x24 cm. On the accession of Andronikos III in 1328, he was entrusted with the supreme administration of affairs. Irene Palaiologina (c. 1349 – after 1362). Philip the Arab (Latin: Marcus Julius Philippus 'Arabus'; c. 204 – September 249) was Roman emperor from 244 to 249. Kantakouzenos became a close friend to Andronikos III and was one of his principal supporters in Andronikos’ struggle against his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. Pope Clement VI (Latin: Clemens VI; 1291 – 6 December 1352), born Pierre Roger, was head of the Catholic Church from 7 May 1342 to his death in 1352. John VI Kantakouzenos or Cantacuzene (Greek: Ἰωάννης ΣΤʹ Καντακουζηνός, Iōannēs VI Kantakouzēnos) (c. 1292 – June 15, 1383), Byzantine emperor from 1347 to 1354, was born at Constantinople. Bibliothque nationale de France, Paris . He accepted this, while continuing to style himself as the junior ruler to John V. During this period, the empire, already broken up and reduced to n… John VI Kantakouzenos - Byzantine emperor, who ruled in 1341-1354 he. John VI Kantakouzenos, Cantacuzenus, or Cantacuzene (Greek: Ἰωάννης ΣΤʹ Καντακουζηνός , Iōannēs ST′ Kantakouzēnos; Latin: Johannes Cantacuzenus ; c. 1292 – 15 June 1383) was a Greek nobleman, statesman, and general. Constans was hunting near the Pyrenees away from his forces, when Magnentius' forces cornered and killed him at Helene (near Perpignan). Byzantium: The Decline and Fall (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996) p. 332 This plan was subsequently refused by Pope Urban V and so nothing came of it. Representation in art. [5] The possible descendants of Demetrios (the exact parentage is uncertain) were Georgios, called "Sachatai"; Andronikos, the last megas domestikos of the Byzantine Empire; Irene, who married Đurađ Branković; Thomas, who served in Branković's court; Helena, who became the second wife of David of Trebizond; and an unnamed daughter, who may have become queen of Georgia. He served as Grand Domestic under Andronikos III … His reign began with an immediate civil war between his designated regent, his father's friend John VI Kantakouzenos, and a self-proclaimed council of regency composed of his mother Anna, the patriarch John XIV Kalekas, and the megas doux Alexios Apokaukos. The financial burdens imposed by him had long been displeasing to his subjects, and a strong party had always favoured John V Palaiologos. “John VI” The following resources provide additional information about the resource described by this document ( foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf): John VI Kantakouzenos in Wikipedia A collaboratively written encyclopedia article about the Roman emperor John VI. © Copyright © 2012-2020 Stories People All rights reserved. "John Kantakouzenos", "John Cantacuzenus", etc. John VI Kantakouzenos or Cantacuzenus (Greek: Ἰωάννης ΣΤʹ Καντακουζηνός, Iōannēs ST′ Kantakouzēnos; c. 1292 – 15 June 1383) was the Byzantine emperor from 1347 to 1354. [3], They remained prominent in the Palaiologan period. He made his own son Matthew Kantakouzenosa co-emperor in 1353. [3], Matthew's two sons, John and Demetrios, ruled briefly the Morea. The feminine form of the name is Kantakouzene (Greek: Καντακουζηνή), Latinized as Cantacuzena. Irene served as senior Empress at his side. The first (1321 1328) was against Andronikos II (q.v.) John Kantakouzenos was the son of a Michael Kantakouzenos, governor of the Morea. John VI Kantakouzenos : biography 1292 – 15 June 1383 John VI Kantakouzenos or Cantacuzenus ({{el}}, Iōannēs VI Kantakouzēnos) (c. 1292 – 15 June 1383) was the Byzantine emperor from 1347 to 1354. [6], Family tree of the Imperial House of Kantakouzenos, Serbian Orthodox Secondary School "Kantakuzina Katarina Branković", Palaiologos dynasty and related family tree, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty, Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, "The Byzantine Family of Kantakouzenos: Some Addenda and Corrigenda", Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kantakouzenos&oldid=986507266, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 08:41. Hence, when the latter entered Constantinople at the end of 1354, his success was easy. John and his fellow conspirators, including the unscrupulous… Born in Samarobriva (), Gaul, Magnentius was the commander of the Herculians and Jovians, the Imperial guard units.When the army grew dissatisfied with the behavior of Emperor Constans, it elevated Magnentius at Autun on 18 January 350. They had at least nine children: Andronikos IV Palaiologos (2 April 1348 – 28 June 1385). Kantakouzenos was far too ready to invoke the aid of foreigners in his European quarrels; and as he had no money to pay them, this gave them a ready pretext for seizing upon a European town. In the Komnenian period, members of the family are attested as military officials: the sebastos John Kantakouzenos was killed in the Battle of Myriokephalon, while his probable grandson, the Caesar John Kantakouzenos, married Irene Angelina, the sister of Isaac II Angelos. [4] John VI's eldest son Matthew also reigned as his co-emperor and as a pretender (1353–1357) before being captured and forced to resign as well. His History in four books deals with the years 1320–1356. Of John VI's daughters, Helena Kantakouzene married John and Matthew's rival John V Palaiologos (r. 1341–1391), Maria married Nikephoros II Orsini of Epirus, and Theodora married the Ottoman bey Orhan I. John VI Kantakouzenos, Cantacuzenus, or Cantacuzene (Greek: Ἰωάννης ΣΤʹ Καντακουζηνός, Iōannēs ST′ Kantakouzēnos; Latin: Johannes Cantacuzenus; c. 1292 – 15 June 1383) was a Greek nobleman, statesman, and general. He married Helena Kantakouzene, daughter of his co-emperor John VI Kantakouzenos and Irene Asanina, on 28 May 1347. John VI Kantakouzenos, Cantacuzenus, or Cantacuzene (Greek: Ἰωάννης ΣΤʹ Καντακουζηνός, Iōannēs ST′ Kantakouzēnos; Latin: Johannes Cantacuzenus; c. 1292 – 15 June 1383) was a Greek nobleman, statesman, and general. By his wife Irene Asanina, a daughter of Andronikos Asan (son of Emperor Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria by Eirene Palaiologina, herself daughter of Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos), John VI Kantakouzenos had several children, including: Kantakouzenos retired to a monastery (where he assumed the name of Joasaph Christodoulos) and occupied himself in literary labours. The family was one of the Empire's wealthiest and provided several prominent governors and generals, as well as two Byzantine emperors. Constantinople, 1370-75 CE, paint on parchment, Greek Manuscript 1242, fol.5 v, 33,5x24 cm. Life. On the death of the emperor in 1341, John Kantakouzenos was left as the designated regent, and guardian of his son John V Palaiologos, who was nine years old. John VI Kantakouzenos abdicated and retired to a monastery. There was an unsuccessful war with the Genoese, and in particular their colony at Galata, across from Constantinople itself. The Kantakouzenoi first appear in the reign of Alexios I Komnenos, when a member of the family campaigned against the Cumans. Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (r. 1347-1354 CE) presiding over a synod. His triumph in the six-year civil war is the subject of the poem "John Kantakouzenos Triumphs" by the modern Greek poet Constantine Cavafy. Born on 11 April 1348, Andronikos IV Palaiologos was the eldest son of Emperor John V Palaiologos by his wife Helena Kantakouzene. Καντακουζηνοί), Latinized as Cantacuzenus and anglicized as Cantacuzene, was one of the most prominent noble families of the Byzantine Empire in the last centuries of its existence. John VI Kantakouzenos : biography 1292 – 15 June 1383 John had no imperial ambitions of his own, and refused to be crowned co-emperor despite being offered the opportunity by Andronikos III Palaiologos several times during the reign of latter. 04.09.2019 - Throughout the entire history of mankind, emperors and kings were attracted to the image of the mighty eagle. Writings. The Hesychast Council of Constantinople , 1351 CE. During the Byzantine civil war between John V Palaiologos (r. 1341-1391 CE) and John VI Kantakouzenos (r. 1347-1354 CE), the Byzantine possessions in the Peloponnese began to slip from centralized control, with local lords effectively operating outside of imperial rule. FAMpeople is your site which contains biographies of famous people of the past and present. He made his own son Matthew Kantakouzenos a co-emperor in 1353. 1295 g. + 15 July 1383 * * * John, endowed by nature a deep intellect and diverse talents, belonged to a very famous and wealthy family Cantacuzino.In his youth he was a great friend of Andronicus III Younger and gave him great support in money, troops and councils in the war with his grandfather Andronicus II. John VI Kantakouzenos as emperor (left) and monk (right). They agreed to call a grand ecumenical council to be attended by the Pope, all the Patriarchs and bishops and archbishops of both the eastern and western churches.Norwich, John Julius. redirect here. By his mother Theodora Palaiologina Angelina, he was also a descendant of the reigning house of the … Nicol prefers the second kind of explanation, and repeats the theory of Konstantinos Amantos that Kantakouzenos derives from κατὰ-κουζηνᾶν or κατὰ-κουζηνόν, ultimately from the locality of Kouzenas, a name for the southern part of Mount Sipylus near Smyrna. , Maria Kantakouzene, who ruled in 1341-1354 he Manuel Kantakouzenos remained despotes of the Morea 1349... 1370-75 CE, paint on parchment, Greek Manuscript 1242, fol.5 V, cm... And 13th centuries, when the latter entered Constantinople at the end of,., biographies, humorous stories, photos and videos 1351, he sent 12 to... Of Palaiologos Latinized as Cantacuzena books deals with the supreme administration of affairs with John V Palaiologos by wife! Romantic guesswork and philological conjecture the Genoese, and a strong party had always favoured John V by. 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